The trend of “multimodal transport”

The trend of “multimodal transport”

Source: Civil Aviation Resource Net Expert Author: Ni Haiyun 2009-07-14 14:34:28 I have two sentences ( 0 )

[ professional classification ] planning and development [ Article ID ] 30-2009-0137

Due to the increasing congestion of the highways and the public's high concern for the environment, the railway transportation mode has once again reached the center of the stage, and many airports have seen the advantages of multimodal transport.

At present, there are about 120 airports in the world that have established a mode of air and rail transportation, and many airports have built dedicated railway waiting rooms. It is estimated that there will be 300 airports in the world in the next 10 years to prepare for the corresponding multimodal transport mode. In many hub airports – such as Paris Charles de Gaulle, London Heathrow, Tokyo Narita and Frankfurt Airport in Germany – the construction of the air and rail intermodal facilities and the development of the high-speed railway are closely related, which will undoubtedly greatly shorten the travel of passengers. time.

In 2008, the International Air Transport Organization published a research report: in the planning and development of the airport, the impact on the environment, the moment of take-off and landing, and rising costs, these airports are suffering, if the introduction of high-speed rail system, this Will greatly ease the heartache of the airport.

Multimodal transport also plays an important role in providing a “seamless journey” that allows passengers to reach their destination in the shortest possible time, which reduces many unnecessary processes. The BAA of the UK Airport Authority has also noticed its great advantages. Therefore, the initiative “the once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for the railway industry” has made Heathrow Airport a hub for empty railway transportation. The BAA proposed to build a high-speed railway next to the third runway to be built. Stuart Condie, BAA's director of planning and ground transportation, said the airport's philosophy is to open up more international routes through the construction of the third runway, while reaching every major city in the UK through a fast rail network.

As airports become more crowded and the pressure on airport expansion increases, rail links provide an essential alternative and are not costly. Richard Brown, director of North Star, a global air rail consultancy, said: “The access to the airport from the ground is a key constraint for the further development of the airport. If the road is very crowded, the reputation of the airport will be greatly affected. Impact, the development of environmentally friendly land routes is clearly beneficial, and rail transport is the solution.” The consulting firm is currently helping Sao Paulo’s Guarulhos airport to establish links with the city centre train station. By rail, the original 1-2 hour car arrival time was shortened to 20 minutes. Brown believes that such development will become the standard for future airport development, because everyone has realized the benefits of multimodal transport. “City-airport connections, like São Paulo, Delhi, Bangalore and Hyderabad, are all in desperate need of such connections.”

The long-term benefits of air and rail transport are not limited to passengers; if the airport has an efficient land network, it can double the coverage of the airport at once, while reducing the local airport’s valuable time for landing and landing. Short-haul flights, releasing more moments for long-haul flights.

The Hong Kong International Airport is a good example. Its fast railway system can reach Hong Kong Island all the time. The terminal station is Hong Kong's main railway station. Get off every 12 minutes. And you can reach Guangdong Province. The efficiency of this railway network allows the airport to cover approximately 52 million people in the Pearl River Delta region.

At the same time, the global pioneer in the implementation of multimodal transport - Fraport, the Frankfurt airport operator, has made the airport the most important multimodal hub in Germany and Europe, and the railway can connect more than 100 destinations across the country. Frankfurt offers 393 trains a day and more than 7 million passengers a year. The airport, Lufthansa and the railway operator Deutsche Bahn have established close strategic partnerships, so that the airport's coverage is more than 100 kilometers. As early as the mid-1990s, Frankfurt had already promoted the concept of multimodal transport, which at the time released about 30,000 takeoff and landing times for the short-haul flights.

For some cities with heavy road transport, such as London, Moscow and Bangalore, the establishment of an effective rail transport network will also make a significant contribution to the development of the airport itself.

London Heathrow and Gatwick Airport are connected to the city via a dedicated intercity railway so that passengers can reach London's city centre directly. Every 15 minutes, a 30-minute drive, the Gatwick City Rail can be connected to the London Victoria Railway Station, with approximately 4 million passengers walking between the two places each year. Heathrow City delivers 5 million passengers a year, connects to Paddington Station, and departs every 15 minutes. Airport Express Alliance is responsible for the operations of the two airport railways, and its marketing director, Kyle Haughton, said the service represents the future of airport business. "Strategically speaking, the express service of these two airports is increasingly important in the future development of the airport. For example, if Heathrow Airport does not have a good air and rail transportation business, it will not expand its strength very well." It is pointed out that this intermodal service is a good selling point for passengers who are valuable time and passengers who are comfortable in their journey. “Especially for those passengers on low-cost airlines, if they can’t get to the airport on time, the ticket may be invalidated, so the reliability provided by the City Rail Express is very important for passengers. The satisfaction of the two city rails is very high, and the survey shows that once the passengers step on the city rail, they feel spiritually relaxed."

In addition to the BAA's desire to further strengthen Heathrow's rail transport network, London is currently implementing the Crossrail project – connecting London from east to west via a dedicated high-speed rail line. Once in operation, Crossrail connects Heathrow with London's most important business district, train station and metro services, covering a population of 1.5 million on an hour's journey to the airport.

By establishing a well-functioning transportation network, the airport is emerging from the competition, the best case being Moscow. There are two main airports in the city. The Domodedovo airport operated by the Eastern Group has built a rapid transit system (RTS), attracting a large number of official and tourist sources and taking the lead in the competition. The RTS is on the side of the terminal and on the other side is the train station in Moscow. The passengers can reach the city center in 40 minutes, and the train express line operation time and flight time are well coordinated. In the first three years of RTS operation, a total of 6.5 million passengers were transported. Recently, airport and railway operator Aeroexpress announced the modernization of the railway, hoping to carry more than 5 million passengers in 2009. Its main competitor, Sheremetyevo Airport, also announced the construction of its own high-speed railway, which takes only 35 minutes from Moscow city centre to the airport.

Many airports in Asia are also rushing to catch up with this trend.

The intercity railway from the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in Indonesia to downtown Jakarta is expected to begin construction this year. The Indonesian government recently announced that it is ready to let the country's railway operator PT Kereta Api provide air and rail intermodal services at multiple airports in the country. India is also vigorously developing such transportation products. For example, in Bangalore, the construction of a 33.4-kilometer-long intercity railway will allow passengers to reach the city center within 25 minutes.

Air travel is often considered the engine of economic growth in many developing cities, but planners are now adopting an integrated approach – connecting air transport and ground to develop together to achieve a win-win situation by establishing a broader transport system. The goal.

The trend of multimodal transport is on the rise.

(Translated from "Global Airport City" 1 issue 4 volumes, the original title GET CONNECTED, the original author Oliver Clark)